Son, and Holy Spirit
Summary of the Bible
The Old Testament (Hebrew Scriptures)
Recognized by Jews and Christians ( although the Jewish ordering is different)
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
These can be classified
- 5 books
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers,
Historical Books - 12 books
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, First Samuel, Second
Samuel, First Kings, Second Kings, First Chronicles, Second Chronicles,
Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of
Prophetic - 17 books
Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah,
Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah,
Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
The following 7 additional books are recognized by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as canonical:
Tobit, Judith, The Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), Baruch, I Maccabees, II Maccabees
The New Testament (all Christians)
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts of the Apostles, Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, I Peter, II Peter, I John, II John, III John, Jude, Revelation (Apocalypse).
These can be summarized as follows:
- 5 books
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts
Pauline Epistles -
Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians,
Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2
Thessalonians. 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon
Non-Pauline Epistles -
Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1
John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation
Summary of Books of Old Testament
of Israelites in Egypt, Moses, 10
on Egypt, Passover,
Leaving Egypt, Red Sea
Crossing, Mt. Sinai and the 10 commandments
Instructions on sacrificial system and the priesthood. Instructions
on moral purity.
Moses' discourses on God's Acts for Israel the Decalogue, the
ceremonial, civil, and social Laws, and covenant ratification.
- Genesis -
Creation, the Fall, the Flood, spread of the nations, Abraham,
Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Enslavement in Egypt.
- Exodus -
Joshua to Samuel
Partitioning the Lands to the
Time of Judges. 7 cycles of foreign oppression, repentance, and
righteousness, love, and faithfulness to the Lord.
- Joshua -
7 year conquest of the Land of
Samuel to the
from judges to King Saul
Second Samuel -
David as King, adultery, and murder.
First Kings -
Reign of Solomon. Israel is powerful. Solomon dies in 931 B.C., then division
Second Kings -
The Divided Kingdom. All 19 kings of Israel were bad; captivity in Assyria (722 B.C.). In Judah, 8 of 20 rulers were good
but went into exile too.
First Chronicles -
A recounting of the history of Israel to the time of the
Second Chronicles -
continued recounting of the life of Solomon, building of temple.
History of Judah only.
- First Samuel -
- Ezra -
Cyrus let the most of the Jews return to their land of Israel.
Zerubbabel led the people (539 B.C.). Ezra returned later with more
Jews (458 B.C.) Built the temple.
- Nehemiah -
Building the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah rebuild the walls (444 B.C.). Revival in the land.
- Esther -
Plot to kill
the Jewish people.
suffering and God's sovereignty.
Worship in song. Large variety of subjects.
Widely used in Christian worship.
Practical wisdom in everyday affairs.
All is vanity. The wisdom of man is futility.
Song of Solomon -
A song between Solomon and his bride displaying the love
between a man and a woman.
- Job -
a righteous man tested by God. Deals with
the defeat and fall of Jerusalem.
Captivity in Babylon. Description of
the end of times.
Many visions of the future for the Gentiles and the Jews.
- Isaiah -
Looks at the sin of Judah and proclaims God's judgment.
Coming restoration and blessing.
- Jeremiah -
Called by God to proclaim the news of judgment to Judah, which came.
God establishes a New Covenant.
- Lamentations -
Hosea - Represents God's love and
faithfulness and Israel's spiritual adultery. Israel will be judged
Joel - Proclaims
a terrifying future using the imagery of locusts. Judgment will come
but blessing will follow.
Warning Israel of its coming judgment. Israel rejects God's warning.
Obadiah - Prophecy of
of Edom, a neighboring nation of Israel.
Proclaims a coming judgment upon Nineveh. But they repented and
judgment was spared.
Micah - Description
of the complete moral decay in all levels of Israel. God will judge
but will forgive and restore.
Nahum - Nineveh
has gone into apostasy (approx.. 125 years after Jonah) and will be
Habakkuk - Habakkuk asks God why He is not
dealing with Judah's sins. God says He will use the Babylonians.
Habakkuk asks how God can use a nation that is even worse than
Zephaniah - The
theme is developed of the Day of the Lord and His judgment with a
Haggai - The
people failed to put God first, by building their houses before they
finished God's temple. Therefore, they had no prosperity.
Zechariah - Zechariah
encourages the Jews to complete the temple. Many messianic
- God's people are lax in their duty to God. Growing distant
from God. Moral compromise. Proclamation of coming judgment.
Summary of Books of
- Matthew - Presents Jesus as
the Messiah. Fulfillment of O.T.
- Mark - First Book. Presents Jesus as
the Servant. Description of the last week of His
- Luke - Presents Jesus as
the Son of Man to seek and save the lost. Largest of the gospels.
- John - Presents Jesus as
God in flesh, the Christ, so that you might believe. Last of the
- Acts - Historical account from
Jesusí ascension to travels of Paul in his missionary journeys.
- Romans - Examines the justification, sanctification, and
glorification and the Godís plan for the Jews and the Gentiles.
- 1 Corinthians - Deals with factions and corrections due to immorality, lawsuits, and
abuse of the Lordís Supper.
- 2 Corinthians - Paul defends his apostolic position.
- Galatians - Examines the proper place of grace in the
- Ephesians - The believerís
position in Christ and information on Spiritual warfare.
- Hebrews - Demonstrates
the superiority of Jesus over the O.T. system. Mentions the
Melchizedek priesthood. (Hebrews may be of non-Pauline origin.
There is much debate on its authorship).
- Philippians - The
imprisonment of Paul. Paul exhorts Philippians to
godliness and warns them of legalism.
- Colossians - The preeminence of Jesus in creation, redemption, and godliness.
- 1 Thessalonians - Teachings on purity and
the return of Christ.
- 2 Thessalonians - Corrections
on the Day of the Lord.
- 1 Timothy - Proper leadership and dealings with false teachers, the
role of women, prayer, and requirements of elders and deacons.
- 2 Timothy - Encourages to be strong.
- Titus - Requirements for elders.
- Philemon - Forgiveness.
Non Pauline Epistles
- James - How to live a Christian life evidencing regeneration.
urges self examination of the evidence of the changed life.
- 1 Peter - Encourages the
reader in the light of their suffering
and be humble in it. Mentions baptism.
- 2 Peter - Deals with the
person on an inward level, warnings against false teachers, and
mentions the Day of the Lord.
- 1 John - The true
fellowship of the believer with other believers and with God. God is
described as light and love. Encourages a holy Christian walk before the Lord.
Mentions Christian love.
- 2 John - Praise for walking
in Christ and a reminder to walk in Godís love.
- 3 John - Kindness to Godís people.
- Jude - Exposes false
teachers and uses O.T. allusions to demonstrate the judgment upon
- Revelation - A highly
symbolic vision of the future rebellion, judgment, and consummation
of all things.