What I Read
by CJ Varughese
The following is what I read today. It is in question-answer form:
Que.(Y): I desire to hear about truth.
Ans.(B): "Truth is the duty of every human being. It is an eternal duty.
Truth is the highest refuge. Truth is the greatest penance. Truth is the
highest yoga. It is the sacrifice which is greater than all other
All the three worlds rest on Truth and nothing else. Truth is
of thirteen kinds: impartiality, self-control, forgiveness, modesty,
endurance, goodness, renunciation, contemplation, dignity, fortitude,
compassion and abstinence from injury. All these are aspects of Truth.
Truth is immutable, eternal, unchangeable".
Que.(Y): What is that good thing which one should strive for?"
Ans.(B): This world is ever threatened by death. The nights which come and
go do but lessen the span of one's life. Death waits for no man. It is
nearing every creature every moment. Its progress is imperceptible, but it
is very steady. With the passing of each day, man's life is shortened.
Death comes before man's desires have been fulfilled. When he is busy
plucking the flowers, death snatches a man away like a beast of prey
carrying away a ram. What you have planned to do tomorrow must be done
today. What you have planned to do in the afternoon must be done in the
Death is ruthless. It will never wait and see if all your acts
have been carried out. Man should hurry and practice virtue in the prime
of his/her life. Life is so uncertain and only death is certain. It may
come now or it may come years later. The readiness is important. Virtue
will grant you fame in this world".
Que.(Y): What makes a man a sinner and what makes him virtuous? What helps
him to achieve renunciation? How does he attain emancipation?
Ans.(B): "Desire is responsible for making a man a sinner. When it sees an
object of the sense, desire seeks it. For the sake of getting what he wants,
man begins to strive for it. The objects of the senses appear so agreeable
that man tries his best to get them.
Attachment follows in the wake of
desire. Immediately follow aversion, greed and error of judgement. The
mind becomes confused, clouded, and man does not any more follow the path
of virtue. Assuming a virtue which he does not possess is now the policy
of man, and he becomes a hypocrite.
Acquiring wealth with the help of hypocrisy is easy for a man who has begun the downward path to sin. In
spite of the advice of well-wishers and elders, man begins to act in a
sinful manner. There is no more hope of salvation for a confirmed sinner
like the man just described.
The man who is righteous seeks the good of
others, and so he wins good for himself. He is wise and knows how he avoid
the pitfalls called the senses. He is wise as to the real nature of
happiness and sorrow. Man attains mastery over the senses, and that is called virtue. But still he is discontented. He will not rest until he has
mastered the art of renunciation. Knowledge helps him to be free of
Finally, realizing that the world is but a passing pageant, that
it will be destroyed any time, he tries to cast off virtue with its
inwards in the form of heaven and happiness, and tries to attain emancipation".